## Function

- Plot User Defined Diagrams.
- Generate a diagram by selecting the Groups defined in Define Diagram.

## Call

From the main menu, select **[Results] tab > [Type : Analysis results] > [Result Display] group > ****[Diagram] > ****[Plot Diagram]**

## Input

Plot Diagrams dialog box

### Load Cases/Combinations

Select a desired load case or load combination.

Click to the right to enter new or modify existing load combinations. (Refer to "Load Cases / Combinations")

**Step**

Specify the step for which the analysis results are to be produced. The Step is defined in geometric nonlinear analysis as Load Step, and additional steps are defined in the construction stages of bridges or heat of hydration analyses.

### Diagram Group

Group Names defined in Define Diagram are listed in the Diagram Group box. Check on the Groups for which the Diagram is to be generated.

### Scale Factor

**Auto** : The maximum output value to be displayed in a diagram is equal to 1/20 of the diagonal length of the virtual hexahedron containing the entire model.

**Ref.Value** : The entered value is equal to 1/20 of the diagonal length of the virtual hexahedron containing the entire model.

In the example shown below, a diagram is generated such that the maximum output value is equal to 1/20 of the diagonal length (the blue solid line) of the virtual hexahedron (the black dotted line) containing the whole model. Since a diagram is drawn based on the maximum output value of all the Groups and not of each Group, in cases when different types of results (forces and displacements, or forces and stresses) are plotted simultaneously, a specific type of result can be relatively small as compared to the overall scale. In this case, the user should control the Scale Factor using the Display Option for each Group.

Virtual hexahedron and its diagonal

The diagrams shown below display the axial forces at arch ribs and bending moments at girders.

Diagram applying Auto Scale

Diagram modifying the Scale Factor for the girders

Select a Group from the Diagram Group list and click **Display Option **to control the display settings of the result views for the corresponding Group.

Display Optioln dialog box

### Diagram Options

**Color** : Assign a color for the Diagram.

**Scale** : Specify a Scale Factor for the Diagram. Since the various types of results are displayed simultaneously, the default Scale Factors may sometimes be inappropriate. In such cases, the user should enter the appropriate Scale Factors for each Diagram Group.

The following figure shows an example of inappropriate Scale Factors. The next figure shows an example where appropriate Scale Factors are used.

### Display Values

Check the options for displaying the values on the screen.

**Decimal Points** : Assign decimal points for the displayed numbers.

**Exp.** : Express as exponentials.

**Set Orientation** : Display orientation of numerical values.

The default Decimal Points can be controlled in "Preferences". Set Orientation = 0 horizontally displays the numerical values to the right of nodes or elements. The orientation angle represents the counter-clockwise direction, which may be used to enhance the readability of the numbers.

**Output Section Location** : Assign the section locations at which bending moments of the beam elements are produced in numerical values.

**I** : Display the bending moment at the start node (N1) of a beam element.

**Center** : Display the bending moment at the center of a beam element.

**J** : Display the bending moment at the end node (N2) of a beam element.

**Abs Max** : Maximum absolute values of bending moments among the 5 points of (4-sectioned) beam elements are displayed at the centers of the beam elements.

**Min/Max** : Minimum and maximum bending moments are numerically displayed at the corresponding locations among the 5 points of (4-sectioned) beam elements.

**All** : The bending moments at the i-end, center and j-end are numerically displayed.

**Min/Max Only in Group** : Display only the maximum/minimum value in each Group.

**Min & Max** : Display the maximum and minimum values.

**Abs Max** : Display the absolute maximum value.

**Max** : Display only the maximum value.

**Min** : Display only the minimum value.

**Limit Scale(%)** : Display all the bending moments of the beam elements, which are in the range of (Max-Min)*Limit Scale relative to the selected maximum or minimum

By clicking the "**Batch Plot**" button, the user-defined diagrams are generated in a batch. It allows the freedom to combine stages and load cases/combinations, and specific colors can be assigned for each stage to customize the output.

Batch Plot dialog box

**Load Case/Comb Type**

**In Stage** : Outputs diagrams for construction stage loads. Select the load case/combination and choose the stage from the options below.

**In Post Stage** : Outputs diagrams for post-construction loads.

**Load Case/Comb**

Select the load case/combination for generating user-defined diagrams. Depending on the chosen Load Case/Comb Type, you can select stage or post-construction loads.

**Sel All** : Selects all load cases/combinations.

**Unsell All** : Deselects all load cases/combinations.

**Set Color** : When selecting In Post Stage, you can specify the colors for the diagrams based on different post-construction load combinations.

**Stage**

This option is only active when In Stage is selected in Load Case/Comb Type. It allows you to select the stages for generating user-defined diagrams.

**Sel All **: Selects all stages.

**Unsell All **: Deselects all stages.

**Set Color **: Specifies the colors for the diagrams based on different stages.